Top 5 Pulses Exporting Countries: Overview

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Pulses or dals are a part of the legume family, but the term “pulses” refers only to the dried seed. The most common types of pulses are dried peas, edible soybeans, lentils and gram. Cereals are used for both food and feed.

Organic pulses are a rich source of plant-based protein, dietary fiber, and micronutrients. They have been cultivated for thousands of years and have played a significant role in human history. Today, pulses are an important component of sustainable agricultural systems.

In this article, we will discuss the top 5 pulses exporting countries in the world with their yearly exports volume.

Top 5 pulses exporting countries by volume  

The ranking below reflects the top five pulses exporters in 2022.

India: $7 billion

Canada: $3.8 billion

Myanmar: $1.6 billion

Russia: $1.6 billion

USA: $1.4 billion

Top 5 Pulses Exporting Countries in Detail

1) Canada

Over the past five years, Canada has been the largest exporter of pulses in the world. In 2019, Canada exported 2.4 million metric tons of pulses worth approximately $3 billion. This is up from 1.9 million metric tons exported in 2018. The increase in exports was due to higher prices for peas and lentils, which offset smaller volumes from 2018.

2) Myanmar

Myanmar is third among the top 5 pulses exporting countries in the world with an export volume of $1,156 million in 2012-13. India imports around 97% of Myanmar’s total pulse exports. Chickpeas and yellow peas are the major exported products by Myanmar with shares of 78% and 13% respectively.

3) USA

The United States exports around 2 million tons of pulses yearly to the international market with an export value of US$ 0.87 billion in 2016-17. In 2017-18, it exported 1.78 million tons of pulses worth US$ 0.89 billion to other countries in the world. The export markets for American pulses include China, Spain, Canada, Mexico, Japan, and India among others.

4) Russia

In 2018-19 Russia exported 596 thousand metric tonnes of pulses with an approximate value of 437 million US$. The major export products were split peas – 20% and dry beans – 18%.

The major export markets for the Russian pulses were Kazakhstan (15%), Yemen (11%), China (10%), Uzbekistan (7%), and Turkey (6%).

5) India

The largest producer and consumer of pulses is India in the world. In 2018 India exported 4.7 million metric tonnes with an approximate value of 3 billion US Dollars. The major export products from India were Moong/Urad, Chana, Peas, and other Pulses.

Countries that import pulses from India are Vietnam, Nepal, Thailand, etc.

Global Pulses Market

According to the latest report by IMARC Group, the global pulses market reached a value of US$ 80.6 Billion in 2018, exhibiting a CAGR of around 7% during 2011-2018. Pulses refer to a group of leguminous crops that are harvested for their dry edible seeds.

The global pulses market is expected to grow at a CAGR of 5.2 percent through 2020 and reach USD 132.37 billion by 2020. The major drivers for the growth of this market are increasing awareness about the health benefits of pulses, increasing demand for meat substitutes, and growing demand for organic food products.

Pulses demand globally

The demand for pulses is expected to grow globally in the coming years because of the pulses exporters from all over the world.

Pulses are not only a good source of vegetable protein, but also have a lower carbon footprint than other protein sources. They also fix nitrogen, which leads to improved soil health and crop productivity.

According to the report, ‘Global Pulses Market’, published by Market Data Forecast, the global market is projected to reach USD 74.7 billion by 2021, at a CAGR of 5.5% from 2016 to 2021.

The demand for pulses is expected to grow globally in the coming years. This is because these are a good source of vegetable protein and have a lower carbon footprint than other protein sources. Pulses also fix nitrogen, which leads to improved soil health and crop productivity. The major driving factors for the growth of this market include the increasing population and rising disposable incomes along with the growing demand for animal feed products. However, low yield levels and the presence of substitutes are restricting the growth of this market.

The global pulses market is segmented on the basis of type (dry beans, dry peas, lentils, and chickpeas), application (human consumption and animal feed), distribution channel (supermarket/hypermarket, retail store, convenience stores, and online), and geography.

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